Photo by Salt Water New England

Saturday, November 7, 2020

Irish Blackthorn Walking Sticks and Staffs

Walking Staffs by the Door.  Photos by Salt Water New England except where indicated.


It has been increasingly difficult to find authentic Irish blackthorn walking sticks.  The sticks that so many stores carry are seldom real, and as such are thin, light, too straight, and unsubstantial.  So for those looking for authentic Irish blackthorn walking sticks and staffs, McCaffrey is an ideal source.
Skillfully Handcrafted in Ireland for Six Generations

 The longer walking staffs are perfectly suited when the terrain is uneven and hilly.

Stick Making in the Words of the Stick Maker:

Uses and History 

I am a 6th generation stick maker. (And perhaps more.  I was only able to trace back 6 generations as many records were destroyed or didn't exist for my family past then).

In times gone by, everyone would had have some sort of blackthorn stick in Ireland. They were used for a walking aid, a pointing tool, poking, disciplining children, and even for herding cows from one field to another. Kids and woman as well as men would have their own sticks. Cudgels or shorter shillelaghs, anything from 12 - 24 inches, would also be popular to carry.

President Kennedy was given a blackthorn walking stick by his cousin Jimmy Kennedy when he visited the family homestead in Dunganstown.

Despite their many uses, however, in the oldest tradition, they were considered weapons for protection.  The way to get around legislation about having a weapon was to call it a walking stick. As a result, traditional sticks are actually thicker than one would think.

It’s really near impossible to find examples of really old sticks today, as they would get quite damaged through wear and tear the just burnt and replaced when a new one was needed.

Making Blackthorns

Real blackthorns are usually made by families, not factories.

They are time-consuming to make.  The time put into it doesn't make it a business!  For example, there is only a several week window in winter for them to be harvested, and they must season for two years.

It is my hobby making authentic blackthorn sticks the traditional way.  It's a tradition in our family. It's actually very relaxing working with wood when you are stuck behind a computer all week.

I produce about 40 a year and my dad makes about 100.

Blackthorn Hedges

Blackthorn was used in hedges to give borders on family fields and along the side of roads. It grows in really poor land and soil found in mountainous and hilly regions. It doesn't grow in forests in Ireland.

Finding the Right Raw Stick – Trunk or Branch

The hardest part is just finding a suitable stick.

The best sticks are the ones taken from the trunk when they are about 5-8 years old, and come with decent rootball.   Sticks made from the trunk are far stronger and were the stick of choice of yester year. Others are taken from a branch of an older tree.

For business reasons, most makers never use the trunk as they can get several sticks from the branches over the years. What is sold online as a rootball is usually a branch than have be turned in to a knob shape.
Blackthorn Starting to Bloom ((This and the following five photographs were provided by the stick maker. Used with permission.)

"I remember my granddad giving me the tweezers to pull out the thorns from his hands thinking it was a game."

If the stick is made from the trunk and root then is doesn't have an awful lot of barbs/spikes. If it was from a branch then it had more spikes.
Stick from older branches are not great for fighting. The sticks that the Irish used as fighting sticks come from the trunks only, as they were hard and more flexible.  Branch sticks can break, I am told, but have never been in a stick fight.

It’s rare, but if you can get a purple/red heart in the center of the blackthorn too, this looks great on a handle. This comes from the really older blackthorns.


The old way was just to throw the stick in the dung pile to dry out.

Straightening sticks is the one part of the process that can be quite time consuming and tedious; it really is a skill to get some of the bends out. Stream is used to make stick flexible.  Hold the stick between the knees to the straighten it.  (These are straightened, but never  completely straight.)   But try to straighten the sticks too soon and the bark peels off and it just bends back. Or the stick can be well seasoned, but if the wood isn't warm enough when bending, it snaps.

Then use grease and shoe polish on the stick.

Finding The Right Height, and the Tip

For most people under six feet, 36 inches is fine.   If someone is over six feet, just divide your height by two.  For a man of 6'4 about a 38 inch stick should be fine, and the diameter of the stick should be at least an inch thick.

If the stick is to be used as a mobility aid, a person would need to check with their physical therapist about what the optimal height is.

You call always cut it if you are very short.. Use a bit of sandpaper to shape the bottom. If you do cut it just put some wood water sealant on the base where you cut.

But don't add a brass ferrule to the bottom. Adding a brass ferrule to a thick blackthorn stick looks terrible and it is not how it was ever done. This is a new concept to give it a more premium look to sell as a gentleman's cane in shop.

An authentic Irish blackhthorn never has shamrocks or irish coins added either!

Sticks look best when just shaped at the bottom, or you can add a black rubber ferrule if you want.


It can be a bit of work to find a real blackthorn stick; you have to be careful.

I just had a walk in Killarney last weekend and can confirm there was not one real blackthorn in any of the shops, only imitations.  There are plenty of knock-offs on the Internet as well.

Most of what is sold as blackthorns are really whitethorn or other woods. Some tip offs:
  • Whitethorn: If it is has a lot of barbs, many knuckles, is very straight and light in weight it's more than likely a whitethorn. With whitethorn, if you cut it in half, the center is very white, more so than blackthorn. Whitethorn cracks like crazy when you are drying out, with plenty of places to split
  • Hazel is another people sell and call blackthorn. It is very straight with no knuckles.
  • Rowntree Mountain Ash has knuckles.  It is perfectly straight and light. (Actually mountain ash sticks are not too bad and were used a lot as well.)
  • A breed of plum tree too are painted and passed as blackthorn.
It can be hard to really tell until you hold it. The weight is a big tell. Blackthorn is heavy. if your stick is  to 1½ inch diameter and 36 inches long, then it should be close to 2 pounds in weight.

About the Stick Maker:

Francis McCaffrey graduated with a business degree and started out as an investment banker with Chase Manhattan, as it was known at the time. Then he become a headhunter for a recruitment firm and after that lived for five years in Asia as a Management Consultant, before returning to Ireland - and settling down in rural Ireland - to raise a family.

The temptation is to hang these beautiful sticks on the wall.

Put one leaning in a room, and guests almost invariably pick it up and handle it.

Staffs are useful for uneven terrain.


  1. Could you please post a photo of your collection of Blackthorns?

    1. He doesn't have a "collection" per se. Francis sells sticks from his Etsy store. Go there and check out his gear. It's great stuff. I own 5 of his sticks, and some from his father.

  2. Everything is pleasing about these sticks--the traditions, the appreciation of nature, the workmanship, and the quality of the materials.
    P.S. I second Joyce N's request.

  3. My husband and I both have walking sticks, mine was made by a friend's husband from local wood and given to me as a gift when I was portraying an old woman at a cemetery walk which was a local historical society fundraiser. It is gnarled and bent and has a definite witchy look to it.

    My husband bought his from a local tribal craftsman who had a booth at at art fair we attended on an island.

    Both craftsman told us they search the woods for branches that have already fallen. We keep the sticks in the umbrella stand in our front hall.

  4. Great interview! My parents have several from Ireland in their umbrella stand, too. They are gorgeous.

  5. The Adventure

    Bought a beautiful Blackthorn in a small shop in Dublin a couple years ago. It was love at first sight. Like your " bad boy", it dwarfs the others in the stand. When purchased, it elicited a lengthy conversation and a round of compliments, "I wouldn't let it out of my sight", "He's a beauty". The next day, at Brown's, a retired Army friend of a friend taught me the proper "deployment". Carried it on to Edinburgh and then back home. My Irish grandfather is smiling.


  6. I have a very small collection of walking sticks that I've picked up here and there. I never used a walking stick until I visited friends in England. We were climbing a steep hill with a walking club, and someone lent me a stick. Since then I've kept an eye out for a nice one to carry when walking on trails. They are also great for scaring squirrels away from bird feeders and clearing a path to check for snakes.

    Thank you so much for this post! I'm going to do a little Christmas shopping on the Etsy sites.

  7. Thanks for the lovely write up on my
    hand crafted blackthorn shillelagh's
    Kerry Carpenter

  8. What a lovely post. Thank you. Dad and granddad made walking sticks from trees cut down on family land. I had not thought about my Dad at his lathe in years... I have several of his in a blue and white holder by the door. Besides chasing away big dogs on walks, they are perfect for shaking at speeders on our street.

  9. Splendid and subtle touch here (this post) with hidden qualities and understated grace defined. May I please expand on a proper point of New England you mention twice: “The last thing grabbed heading out the door” and “I grabbed the one... (Bad Boy)... before heading out”. “Grabbed” is from that little beside-the-door domestic space; an old New England property decorative niche.
    While considerable reliance and art qualms are, today, devoted to the triangulation of rug-coffee table-sofa in the New England living room this ‘beside’ door space is still? Well once it was for just these “I grab... heading out” ‘sticks’. And umbrellas. And ‘other things’ ‘like that’. What a treasure trove when found at an old New England home undisturbed!
    Where does one find old ‘sticks’? In this charming and decorative doorway “hide”. Many such nooks have delighted my roving eye with, often, generations of undisturbed eloquence including the family’s ‘old sticks’. So much more interesting then being shown a painting (above the sofa) they ‘bought’. The ‘sticks’, et al, are always a little clutter in the door side dark and never ‘arranged’. These elements are the perfect ‘salt and pepper’. This old New England domestic region; a narrow and vertical three cubic feet beside the door, is a tattletale as to the qualities of the home one is ‘looking around in’.

  10. Thank you for introducing the likable craftsman behind your beautiful shillelaghs. I would never have imagined the knowledge and art hidden behind the finding of just the right sapling for the job. I'm smiling at a vague memory of a walking stick that someone made for my grandmother years ago out of some local sapling. She had forgotten about it leaning against her back steps and it had started to sprout.

    I am printing and tucking this essay away for just the right recipient.

  11. Not only are these walking sticks useful for temporal needs, they apparently have a magical property.
    From Rocky Road to Dublin:

    "I cut a stout blackthorn to banish ghosts and goblins."


  12. This was a perfect post for me. I read this last night, enthralled by the content. We have been looking for a sound walking stick for a while. I had planned to look for a shillelagh while in Dublin last month, but plans changed last minute and couldn't get to Ireland. Just ordered two from Messers McCaffrey--one will be a gift for my wife, the other a gift for me.


  13. I've been wanting a good walking stick for ages. The one we have at home isn't great quality but now I know where to source the one I want. That's my Christmas present taken care of.

  14. Saw this ...

    and thought of you...


  15. After reading your blog about the sticks made by Mr.McCaffrey, my wife suggested I get one for aChristmas gift to myself. Saw one I liked,and after consulting with the maker about a darker reddish finish on the handle, ordered it.Now just waiting for delivery.
    But, I was wondering if anyone carrying one of these stout walking sticks was hassled by the TSA when boarding an aircraft.I'm NOT letting anyone take it from me (except to run it through a scanner)!


  16. Just received two Blackthorn walking sticks from Mr. McCaffrey. These are, in a word, excellent. My expectations were exceeded. Although they are a Christmas gift, I took one out for a walk with my dog along one of the Conn. trails near our house. Beautifully made and wonderful to use. My highest recommendation.

    Thanks, Muffy, for posting about these.


  17. Honestly, I was surprised when the PBS Market Warrior the correct way to hold a walking stick....

  18. Allow me to add a comment here in these latter days. I use a walking stick every time I go out tramping around in the woods, usually everyday. I have several, all of which I made myself. None are blackthorn, much less Irish. In fact, I have no idea what the woods are, other than hardwood. Mine aren't intended for use as weapons, so they tend to be on the light side. In fact, they are carried as much as actually used but are still an essential aid to walking. Good for leaning on, too. The ones I like best are between 50 and 55 inches long but I have shorter ones, too. I have experimented with different lengths. Bamboo, which grows here, would seem to be ideal but it eventually will split.

    I've been looking for a proper Scottish-style shepherd's crook but they are scarce on the ground.

    1. notice the area- UK

    2. I had done a search on eBay and none of those came up! I guess I wasn't on eBay-UK or something. Some of those are interesting.

      We have something of an antique walking stick (or maybe it's just old) with a handle made like a bird's head holding a little ball in it's beak. I think it's made of horn. It used to have eyes but they're missing. The stick itself is, somewhat surprisingly, made of bamboo. Interesting but a little bizarre. It is 45 inches long. There is also a normal length wooden cane with an antler handle, also old, maybe even antique.

  19. Wonderful story! Mine is truly a trusted friend.

  20. Thanks to your original post, Muffy, I purchased a lovely black thorn walking stick from McCaffrey's Etsy shop several years ago for my husband for our anniversary. He was wrestling with an old sports injury to his knee, and your post came at just the right time. The owner did a great job of communicating and ensuring the stick was the correct length for my husband who is 6'4".


  21. I just received a Blackthorn walking stick that I ordered from Francis McCaffrey. Beautiful workmanship, and packed exceedingly well. Bought it for my 95-year old neighbor!

  22. I have a Rowan walking stick made by McCaffrey a few years ago. Trusty thing; I use it in my woodland walks. I also have a beautiful handmade Maple one that I bought two years ago in the Cotswolds whilst I was recuperating from a hysterectomy.

  23. Any advice for someone searching for a stick to use as both a mobility aid, and for self-defense on a budget? Great read and very informative, really assisted in helping me take stock in my secondhand cane acquisition. 👍

  24. Thanks for all the comments shared and just wish I had located this site prior to our visit to Ireland since we just returned on Monday and I completely stuck out on locating a quality Shillelagh. The good news is that I've connected with with Francis who is following up to provide me with a genuine Shillelagh made from the Rowen tree Mountain Ash to compliment my other Blackthorn canes in time for our 6 week road trip since it never hurts to have that extra cudgel protection on the road. Also, this particular tree is purported to have legendary powers to ensure that we don't lose our way. Ironically, we drove thru his town on the way from Killarney to the Dingle Peninsula but was unaware of the McCaffery Gift Shop so missed an opportunity to handpick it when it Ireland.

  25. I received my Blackthorn Walking Stick from McCaffrey a few days ago. I live in the USA (New England) and ordered it on Monday and had it on Friday. Terrific service. It is superbly crafted and a work of art. I am 5' 11" and ordered a 36 inch walking stick. The diameter of shaft is 7/8 inch under the handle 5/8 inch at the end. It weighs 290 grams. It curves slightly at the top and has a small knob grip. This is perfect for me. The grip and curve result in the shaft lining up with my arm. That and its relatively light weight result in its feeling like an extension of my arm. Just fantastic! I expect I will have to use it most of the time when walking, due to arthritis in my left knee. I am so happy to have this beauty rather than an ordinary cane (my feels so awkward in comparison) when out and about. Thank you McCaffrey for this genuine handmade Shillelagh.

  26. I could not imagine leaving the house for a walk through my woods without mine! Thanks so much, for everything!

  27. I'll add one more comment to the one I already made in this thread first time round. Since all my walking sticks are custom made (by me), I like to have a little hook on the bottom end, the better to pick things up or flick them aside. I sometimes put a small tack or brad in the end to make it wear a little better.

  28. Received my 54" hiking staff yesterday....Very pleased with it...I have several blackthorn walking sticks 36.5", collected over the years from my Dad who was raised in Ballybofey. CO. Donegal..This stout heavy hiking staff is authentic and superbly made...Well done!
    Nick O'Dawe

  29. I make my sticks as kanes to give away to friends in need of a walking stick. I have 3 that I keep for myself. One is a dressy stick and the other two are daily use. One of those is quite heavy and knobby, ready for use as a fighting stick with a kane T handle. Kanes are accepted everywhere so are a perfect defense companion.